In early 2020's, apart from the political talks and the popular movies' hype, Coronavirus has made its way to the top of news headlines. How often does a cold bother you? How frequently do you catch viral fever? These questions are gaining attention rapidly. China is the major hub featuring them. China has already faced a loss of 2000 people and counting. The cough is no longer an ordinary cough but potentially a life threatening disease.
Originating in a food market in China, in December 2019 to countries as such as the United States and the Philippines, the virus (officially named COVID-19) has infected thousands. But not to worry, because Coronavirus is least likely to affect you if you have not been in contact or around a person having contracted it. Doctors are learning new things about this virus every day.
Here's what they know so far:
What effect does corona virus have on a human's body?
It fills up your lungs with a fluid and affects the ability to oxygenate blood which in turn results in pulmonary destruction. It may result into the patient dying or suffering with a lifelong respiratory disorder.
So far we know that COVID-19 may not initially cause any symptoms.
- feeling short of breath.
- Cough or cold lasting for more than 2 weeks.
- a fever having most symptoms like viral and becomes severe over a period of time. Although doctors have not been able to investigate the entire list yet.
Coronaviruses were initially found in animals. Humans contracted this virus from animals. Once it is contracted by humans, they are easily transmitted in the same way as cough or cold. Studies have shown that corona virus is most likely to affect older, middle-aged people.
The 2020 Coronavirus can be diagnosed using a blood, saliva, or tissue sample. In the United States, only CDC currently has the ability to diagnose a COVID-19 infection. There’s no treatment available as such for this virus. So precaution is the only key to avoid it. Other Coronaviruses like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) do have vaccines. Practicing good hygienic habits is the only way to avoid catching this virus. Always wash your hands before and after eating. Cover your face with a handkerchief even if the person around you is sneezing or coughing.
What makes Coronavirus so viral? This virus is not as widespread as hyped, but is potentially deathly if caught. The reason behind this is that no cure has been detected for it yet. SARS was found in bats and then transmitted to humans but could be cured by effective vaccinations. SARS used to be a headline back then but now Coronavirus has paved its way through it.
The WHO (World Health Organisation) has increased research on this virus and is playing a major role in creating awareness about the same.
Online Training entitled – “Emerging respiratory viruses, including nCoV: methods for detection, prevention, response and control” – is currently being developed in more than 60 languages with the help of technical and medical experts.
The founder of WHO says that, "delivering training in the local language of responders is really important, especially in an emergency”.